Doctors often don’t know why heart defects occur, though heredity may play a role.
Echocardiogram or heart ultrasound.
Not all congenital heart diseases cause symptoms. Depending on the severity and type of defects symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, leg and stomach swelling, loss of consciousness.
Sometimes congenital heart disease requires no treatment at all. It may go away on its own or never cause any problems. Other times, treatment is necessary depending on the kind and severity of the defects.
Some congenital defects must be repaired using catheter procedures or surgery, including: